LEONTINE
last modified 1 November 2014

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The Leontine, a three masted ship of 758 tons (nm) was built at Vagesak for D.H. Wätjen & Co. (ownership attributed to K Laun of Bremen in 1848 newspaper reports) and launched on 19 April 1844.  She was initially engaged in the packet trade between Bremen and America. 

The Leontine is known to have made two voyages to Australia.

Under the command of Wilhelm Johann Ariaans, she departed Bremen on 10th April 1848, stopped at Rio de Janiero and arrived in South Australia on 1st August 1848.  She departed on 17 Oct 1848 for Batavia. 

The Leontine made a second voyage to SA under the command of captain Ariaans in 1850, leaving Bremen on 10 May 1850 and arriving in Port Adelaide on 13 Aug 1850.

Contents * Brief Description * Passenger List * Newspaper Reports * References * Links * Ship Index

Passenger List

No official passenger list has been located for the Leontine and only cabin passengers are listed in the newspaper reports.  The list below is largely based on two lists obtained from the Lutheran Archives, Adelaide, SA [1] and updated lists that appear in the Koenig [8] and Traeger [5] family histories.  All are believed to be based on research undertaken by Carl Heyne.  Some ammendments have been made where necessiated by recent information and are noted below [10].  Additional information comes from Biographical Index of South Australians 1836-1885 [12] and South Australians 1836-1885[6].

The following extract is from Because of their Beliefs [7] (p 62):

"On 20 March 1848 E Delius dispatched the Leontine under Captain Laun from Bremen to South Australia; this ship belonged to the shipowner Watjeu & Co and took fifty people of the Silesian emigration society at Peterswaldau in the administrative region of Breslau. Delius also seems to have dispatched another group in the autumn of 1848, according to the above-mentioned dispute with Hartig.  No further details are known of either group."


Captain
ARIAANS [1,5,8] Wilhelm Johann

Cabin Passengers
ALEDGER [1,5,8,14] Mr C L
BUSSNER [1,5,8,14] Wilhelm
EHMKE [1,5,6,8,9,12,14,15] Herman Heinrich Wilhelm (b 17 Aug 1817) timber merchant from Hanover
[14]
Auguste Maria Friedericke (nee BARCKOW) (b 28 Jan 1816)
[14]
.....Joahnne Maria Henriette (ca 1839)
[12,14]
.....Johann Wilhelm Theodore (b 15 Aug 1842)
[12,14]
.....August Wilhelm (ca 1842)
[14]
.....Emma Franziska Christina (ca 1843)
[14]
.....Margaretha Friedericke Auguste (ca 1846)
[12]
.....I W Maria (b 24 Oct 1846)
HAAK [1,5,14] Mr J
HABER [1,5,9,12,14] Gustav
HERING [1,5,8,9,14]] Frederich August Adolph(husband, wife, 3 children)
[14]
Henrietta Albertina Amelia (nee MARSCHHAUSEN)

.....child

.....child

.....child
ISAACHSEN [1,5,14] Franz Heinrich, wine merchant (b 1825) (also appears as Hans Thomas [8,9])
LAEZOIN [1,5,8,9,14] Mr R
LAUN [1,5,8,9,14] Mr Eugene, owner of Leontine
NOLTENIUS [1,5,8,9,14] Mr C B
SCHLEICHER [1,5,8,9,12,14] Freiderich Wilhelm

Caroline

.....Leoniline (1848-1849)
SEGNITZ [1,8,9,14]
Mr Eduard
SUTTER [1,5,8,9,14] Carl (ca 1803)
[14]
Wilhelmine (ca 1809)

.....child

.....child

.....child

.....child
SUTTER [1,5,8,9,14] Miss Maxine
STAKEMANN [1,5,8,14] Herman Conrad, German Consul
TUPPEL [1,5,8,14] Mr H

Steerage Passengers (total 262)
BRANDT [1,5,8,14]  Maria (b 1811) 
CRAMER [1,5,8,14]  Heinrich (b 15 Jan 1816) farmer from Pettens 
GLÖDE [1,5,8,14]  Johan Heinrich (b 1810) farmer from Nantrow, Mecklenburg 

Magdaline Johanna Sophia (nee BRANDT) (b 1817) 
[6]
.....Maria Dorathea (b 1837) 

.....Johann Joachim Friederich (b 1840) 
[6]
.....Sophia Dorathea (b 1841)
GROTH [1,5,6,8,14] Jacob Heinrich (31) farmer from Wansbech, Hamburg
HABERECHT [1,5,8,12,14] Johann Carl Gottlieb (b 11 Jan 1815) farmer from Weigelsdorf, Silesia

Susanna Eleonore (nee HERMANN) (b 19 May 1814) Breisnite, SiIesia

.....Johan Carl Gottlob (1840-1910)

.....Wilhelm Friederich (1842-l917)

.....Johan Carl August (1844-1924)

.....Johanne Caroline (1847-1918)
HETZEL [16]
Carl (b 30 Mar 1822)
HÜBNER[5,8] MW
HÜBNER[1,5,8,12,14] Johann Gottfried, (b 2 Sep 1802) farmer from Silesia

Anna Rosina (nee SIEGERT) (b 21 Dec 1808) Groz Tinz Liegnitz, Prussia

.....Anna Christiane (12)

.....Johan Friederich Wilhelm (7)

.....Marie Louise (4)

.....Caroline Anna (2)
JAEKEL[5,11,14] Carl Erdmann (39, 17 Oct 1808) from Peterswaldau, Silesia

Johanne Eleonore (nee BLEICHER) (39, 17 Jul 1808)

.....Hermann Carl (9, 17 Jul 1838)

.....Auguste Luise (4, 9 August 1843)
KOENIG [1,5,6,8,13,14] Johan Christian (b 19 Jun 1823) Gross Rosenburg, Prussia
KOENIG [5,8,14] brother to above?
LAUNER [5,14] Johann Karl Gottlieb Gustav from Langenbielau (b 19 Oct 1820)

Johanne Dorothea (nee LUHR) (b 14 Jun 1818)

.....Johanne Christiane Pauline (b 14 Mar 1844)

.....Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Albert Carl (b 26 Feb 1847)
LEHMANN [1,5,8,14] Johan Gottlieb (b 18 Sep 1816) farmer from Gross Rosenburg, Prussia

Caroline Sophie Amalie (nee LEMM) (b 30 Jul 1826) Potsdam, Prussia
[6]
.....Louise Pauline Bertha (b 20 Aug 1846) Potsdam, Prussia
LEMM [1,5,6,8,14] Christian Friederich Wilhelm (b 20 Oct 1791) Potsdam, Prussia

Sophie Amalie (nee HOFF) (b 12 May 1798)

.....August Heinrich Wilhelm Child (b 3 Jun 1823)

.....Karl August (b 13 Dec 1828)

.....Marie Sophie Amalie (b 6 Nov 1830)

.....Heinrich Gustav (b 15 Apr 1833)
MOLLER [1,5,8,12,14] Franz Heinrich (b 28 Oct 1805) labourer from Altona, Hamburg

Henriette Friedericke Emilie (Nee LIVONIUS) (b 19 Apr 1817) Schwerin

.....Heinrich Wilhelm (11)

.....Gottfried Christian (9)

.....Emilie Henriette Elisabeth (6)

.....Donat Ed.Wilbelm (4)

.....Franz Wilhelm (2)

.....Henriette Dorathea, (infant)
PAULKE [1,5,8,14] Anna
PIETSCH [13]
Ferdinand August (b 1822) Grunberg, Silesia
RATHJEN[1,2,5,8,12,14] Heinrich Gerhard (b 8 Oct 1823) bootmaker from Tossens, Oldenberg, Holstein.
REHDER [1,5,6,8,14] Johan Friederich Wilhelm (b ca. 1808) from Hamburg

Johanne Marie Caroline (nee DISSELDORF) (b ca. 1817) 7 children

.....William (b ca. 1836)

.....August (b ca. 1839)

.....Caroline Louise Mathildda (b ca. 1840)

.....Clare Elizabeth Frederike

.....Julia (b 1845)

.....Mary

.....Bertha Margaretha (b 1847)
RIEBE [1,5,8,14] Gottfried
SCHACHE [1,5,8,11,14,16] Carl Gottlob (b 10 Sept 1794) stonemason from Grosstienz, Liegnitz, Silesia

Maria Rosina (nee VOGEL) (b 16 Sept 1793)
[16]
.....Maria Rosina (b 25 May 1822)

.....Carl Gottlob (b 18 Dec 1825)

.....Heinrich Wilhelm (b 8 Sep 1828)

.....Ernst Gottfried (b 7 May 1830)

.....Johanne Elisabeth (b 2 Jul 1832)

.....Traugott Wilhelm (b 29 May 1835)
SCHACHE [5,14]
Johann Gottlieb (b 1823, son of Carl Gottlob) carpenter

Maria Rosina (nee ULBRICHT)
TRAEGER [1,5,8,12,14] Carl Gottlieb (48) farmer from Weigelsdorf, Reichenbach, Silesia.

Maria Rosina (nee RUPRECHT) (45)

.....Johanne Helene (b 1830)

.....Carl Gottlieb (15, b 1833)

.....Rosina Helene (15, b 1833)

.....Ernst Gottlieb (12, b 1836)
TRAEGER [1,3,5,8,12,14] Johann Gottlieb (48, b 30 Jan 1808) carpenter from Weigelsdorf, Reichenbach, Silesia

Anna Dorathea (nee HÜLBERT) (45, b 20 Oct 1812) Pellan

.....Johan Carl Wilhelm (13, b 1835) 

.....Johanne Caroline (9, b 1839)
[3,8] .....Ernst August (6, b 22 Sep 1842) Bilvara, Silesia

.....Johanne Dorathea (4, b 1844)

.....Johanne Christianne Louise (1, b 1847)
WARNECKE [5,8,12,14] Johann Carl Friedrich (b 1814) locksmith from Hamburg

Contents * Brief Description * Passenger List * Newspaper Reports * References * Links * Ship Index

Newspaper Reports

The South Australian Register
Adelaide - Wednesday 2nd August, 1848

"The German immigrant ship "Leontine" from Bremen

  We have the pleasure to greet the arrival of another large batch of German emigrants by the Bremen ship Leontine, the owner of which Mr  Laun, formerly commander of the Heerjeebhoy Rustomjee Patel, has brought a  quantity of cargo on his own account, consigned, with the vessel, to H. C. Stakemann, Esq., the German Consul.  The Leontine left Bremen on the 10th April, and touching at Rio for water and to refresh the emigrants, stopped there for a week, making the  passage thence in 50 days.  The total number of emigrants is 262, of whom 28 are cabin passengers,  and several of them capitalists, who intend to purchase land.  Only one adult and two or three newly-born children died  on the passage, and we are assured that the emigrants, several of whom are from Prussia, are, as a body, the finest set of people yet landed here from that part of Europe."

The South Australian Register
Adelaide - Wednesday 2nd August, 1848

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.
ARRIVED.
Tuesday, August 1—The ship Leontine 758 tons, Wm. Driaans, master from Bremen, 10th April. Passengers
—Mr and Mrs Hering and three children, Mr and Mrs Schleicher and child, Mr and Mr Sutter and four children, Miss, Max Sutter, Mr and Mrs Ehmeke and five children, Mr G. Haber, Mr C. B Nolteneus, Mr H. T. Isaachsen, Mr B. Segnitz, Mr R. Laczoin, and Mr E. Laun, in the cabin, and 262 emigrants in the steerage.

South Australian
Adelaide - Friday 4th August, 1848

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.
ARRIVED.
August 1—The ship Leontine, 758 tons, W Driaans, from Bremen 10th April. Passengers
—Mr and Mrs Hering and three children, Mr and Mrs Schleicher and child, Mr and Mrs Sutter and four children, Miss Max Sutter, Mr and Mrs Ehmcke and five children, Messrs G. Haber, C. B. Noltenius, H. T. Isaachsen, E. Segnitz, R. Laczoin, and E. Laun, in the cabin; and two hundred and sixty-two emigrants in the steerage.

The Adelaide Observer  Vol. VI-No. 267
Adelaide - Saturday 5th August, 1848

"Shipping Intelligence -

Arrived

  Tuesday August 1st - The ship Leontine, 758 tons, Wm. Ariaans, master, from Bremen, 10th April. Passengers - Mr and Mrs Hering and three children, Mr and Mrs Schleicher and child, Mr and Mrs Sutter and 4 children, Miss Max Sutter, Mr and Mrs Ehmcke and 5 children, Mr G. Haber, Mr C. B. Noltenius, Mr H. T. Isaachsen, Mr E. Segnitz, Mr R. Laczoin, Mr E. Laun in the cabin, and 262 emigrants in steerage."
 

The Adelaide Observer  Vol. VI-No. 267
Adelaide - Saturday 5th August, 1848

"THE GERMAN EMIGRANT SHIP "LEONTINE" FROM BREMEN

  On Monday we greeted the arrival of another large batch of German emigrants by the Bremen ship Leontine, the owner of which Mr Laun, formerly commander of the Heerjeebhoy Rustomjee Patel, has brought a quantity of cargo on his own account, consigned, with the vessel, to H. C. Stakemann, Esq., the German Consul.
  The Leontine left Bremen on the 10th April, and touching at Rio for water and to refresh the emigrants, stopped there for a week, making the  passage thence in 50 days.  The total number of emigrants is 262, of whom 28 are cabin passengers,  and several of them capitalists, who intend to purchase land.  Only one adult and two or three newly-born children died on the passage, and we are assured that the emigrants, several of whom are from Prussia, are, as a body, the finest set of people yet landed here from that part of Europe...."

Contents * Brief Description * Passenger List * Newspaper Reports * References * Links * Ship Index


References

[1] Reconstructed passenger list from Lutheran Archives, Archer St, North Adelaide, SA (original source unknown)
[2] Paech W.H. Rathjen Family History: 1823-1973, 1973
[3] Traeger P. Chronicles of the Family Graue Graue family Reunion Committee: Adelaide,1981
[4] Sexton, R.T. Shipping Arrivals and Departures South Australia 1627-1950 Gould Books: Ridgehaven, SA, 1990 (p 143)
[5] Traegers from Weigelsdorf to Australia Traeger Family Australia: Willunga, SA, 1998 (pp18-21)
[6] Thomas J (ed.) South Australians 1836-1885 South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society: Adelaide, 1990 [vol 1 p 237 (Ehmcke), p 613 (Gloede). 325 (Groth), 445 (Koenig), 533 (Lehmann) 469 (Lemm), vol 2 p 684 (Rehder)]
[7] Iwain, W. Because of Their Beliefs (English translation of Um Glauben willen nach Australien translator and editor Schubert, D,) H Schubert, Highgate, SA, 1985.
[8] Heinrich E. Christian and Karl Koenig and their Descendents in Australia Lutheran Publishing House, Adelaide, 1990 (pp 14-15)
[9] Newspaper report: The Adelaide Observer Vol. VI, No. 267 Adelaide, Saturday 5th August, 1848 (see above).
[10] Three Hinneberg children [Friederich Heinrich (b 4 Sep 1838), Christian Heinrich (b 16 Nov 1843) and Rosina Wilhelmine (b 23 Sep 1845)] that appear in various lists [1, 5, 8, 14] have been removed from the current list as it is now known from their naturalisation certificates [13] that they arrived in Victoria on the Malvina(e) Vidal in 1854 with their mother Marie Christiane nee Lehmann and stepfather Adolf Carl Theodor Berkholz before travelling to South Australia.
[11] Wayne Knoll - personal communication.
[12] Statten J (ed.) Biographical Index of South Australians 1836-1885 South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society: Adelaide, 1986 [vol 1, p 460 (Ehmcke); vol 2 p 289, 577 (Gloede), p 633 (Haber, Haberecht), p 788 (Hubner); vol 3 p 1125 (Moller), p 1332 (Rathjen); vol 4 p 1439 (Schleicher), p1616, 1617 (Traeger), p 1674 (Warnecke)].
[13] Victorian Naturalisation documents.   Naturalization documents are available on line at the National Archives of Australia web site for Johann Christian Koenig and Ferdinand August Pietsch.
[14] Passenger list appearing on The Ships List
[15] There appears some confusion with respect to the children of this family in various sources [12, 14].
[16] Hetzel, Wendy and Richard The Family History of Carl Hetzel & Maria Schaeche and their Descendants in the Hetzel, Straube, Kobelt and Heinrich Families in Australia 1848-1977 private publication Fitzroy, Victoria, 1977


Links
Leontine passengers (1848 voyage)
David H Hunter - HISTORY TIMELINES 1801 - 1900 (Carl Gottllob Schache)
Haberecht
Johann Karl Gottlieb Gustav Launer (Ancestors of Robert John Thomson)
ERDMANN JÄCKEL DESCENDANTS

Passenger lists
(1848 voyage)
Leontine 1848 (Bound for South Australia - by Diane Cummings)
Passenger List - Leontine, Bremen to Adelaide, 1848 (The Ships List)
Family History South Australia (select passenger lists and search for "Leontine")

Passenger lists
(other voyages)
January 1845 Bremen - New Orleans
Passenger List
September 1846 Bremen - Baltimore
Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild
January 1850 Bremen - New Orleans 
Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild
13 August 1850 Bremen - Port Adelaide
Passenger list (Di Cummings - Bound for South Australia)
August 1857 Bremen - New York
Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild

Other Information
Leontine in Port at San Francisco 1852
The Maritime Heritage Project

Departures of emigration passages (Passagen des Schiffes "Leontine") (Staats Archiv Bremen)

Ship details

Palmer List of Merchant Vessels (Archive)

Contents * Brief Description * Passenger List * Newspaper Reports * References * Links * Ship Index